The EFSA Journal (2004) 103, 1-8
Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing
Aids and Materials in Contact with Food (AFC) on a request from the
Commission related to
the introduction of a Fat (consumption) Reduction Factor for infants and
(Question No EFSA-Q-2003-070)
Adopted on 5 October 2004
The Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact
with Food has been asked whether or not a special fat (consumption) reduction factor for infants
and children needs to be applied when testing food contact materials for compliance with
specific migration limits of lipophilic substances migrating into foods.
The current system for the estimation of the exposure of the consumer to substances released by
food packaging is based on the assumption that a consumer ingests daily 1 kilogram (kg) of
packaged food which contains the migrated substance at the maximum concentration permitted
in food, known as the specific migration limit (SML). The SML for a substance is set in
legislation such that the theoretical exposure from eating 1 kg of affected food each day would
not result in consumers exceeding the tolerable daily intake value or any other toxicologically-
based limit value.
The fat (consumption) reduction factor (FRF) is to be introduced for fatty foods with more than
20% fat, because it has been demonstrated that consumption of fat is much less than 1 kg / day.
The total daily fat consumption by European adults does not exceed 200 grams (g) of fat per
person per day, equivalent to 3.3 g fat / kg bw / day for a 60 kg adult. Because fat consumption